Hybrid cars run combining two engines of an electric one and a gasoline one and the system recaptures the spent energy by regenerative braking. Sometimes, it’s the gasoline one or the electric one, or sometimes it’s both who do the work. The consequence is less burned fuel and better fuel economy. In particular circumstances, electric engines even boost power.
Hybrid electric vehicles or HECs mix the advantages of both engines and try to achieve diverse goals like more power, increase in the usage of environmentally friendly cars. Most hybrid cars utilize many advanced technologies to work them, Therefore, here we are going to learn about the advanced technologies via which these hybrid cars run.
Electric Motor Assist or Drive
The electric motor gives the energy so the engine can run in hill-climbing, accelerating, and passing. The process ensures a more-efficient yet smaller engine to be utilized. In some hybrid cars, the gasoline engine is less effective than the electric one that propels the car at low speed. To have an electric motor ensures a more effective engine design.
The feature called “power-assist” helps decrease the demands on the gasoline engine of the hybrid car which alternative can also be downsized and operated more skillfully. Though the gasoline engine has less power, combining with the electric engine, it can exceed the power of a traditional vehicle.
Automatic Stop and Start
When the vehicle stops or rests on a red light, the hybrid car automatically closes the engine off and starts it again when you press down on the accelerator. The method decreases wasted energy from idling. Therefore, this feature is called “idle-off” which turns off the conventional engine in order to save fuel.
The battery exhausts energy for the accessories and air conditioning while the car idles at a traffic light or stoplight and the electric engine can start the vehicle again. If necessary, the gasoline engine will reengage to produce more energy for acceleration.
The regenerative braking recaptures the energy usually lost during braking or coasting. It utilizes the forward motion of the wheels to run the motor. The process produces electricity and allows the vehicle to slow down.
The traditional cars entirely depend on friction brakes to slow down its speed, evaporating the car’s Kinetic energy as heat in the process. The feature regenerative braking some of that power to be gathered and transformed into electricity, and then store it in the battery. The stored power can later be utilized to run the motor and accelerate the car.
There is also an “electric-only drive” that depends solely on electricity to drive the vehicle and is more environment-friendly. Various types of hybrids utilize a diverse source of power to move their wheels. Here, we have discussed the three most famous advanced technologies that are used in hybrid cars.